Artificial Intelligence is a futuristic science fiction film produced and released by Warner Brothers in 2001. It is directed by Steven Spielberg and starred by Jude Law and Haley Joel Osment. In the development of robots, endowing robots emotions is the most controversial thing. The film tells the story of David, the only robot endowed with emotion, who strives to be a real person in order to gain his mother's love. The film also shows a lot of problems that human beings should face in the development of artificial intelligence, which is worth thinking deeply.
Keywords artificial intelligence；love；emotion
In the mid-21st century, rising sea levels from global warming have wiped out coastal cities such as Amsterdam,and New York and drastically reduced the world's population. A new type of robots called Mecha, advanced humanoids capable of displaying thought and emotion, have been created.
In Madison, David, a Mecha that resembles a human child and is programmed to display love for his owners, is given to Henry Swinton and his wife Monica, whose son Martin, after contracting a rare disease, has been placed in suspended animation and is not expected to recover. Monica feels uneasy with David, but eventually warms to him and activates his imprinting protocol, causing him to have an enduring childlike love for her. David is befriended by Teddy, a robotic teddy bear that belonged to Martin.
Martin is unexpectedly cured of his disease and brought home. As he recovers, he grows jealous of David. He tricks David into entering the parents' bedroom at night and cutting off a lock of Monica's hair. This upsets the parents, particularly Henry, who fears David intended to injure them. At a pool party, one of Martin's friends pokes David with a knife, activating David's self-protection programming. David grabs Martin and they fall into the pool. Martin is saved from drowning, but Henry persuades Monica to return David to his creators for destruction. Instead, she abandons David and Teddy in the forest. She warns David to avoid all humans, and tells him to find other unregistered Mecha who can protect him.
David is captured for an anti-Mecha "Flesh Fair" outside Haddonfield where obsolete, unlicensed Mecha are destroyed before cheering crowds. David is placed on a platform with Gigolo Joe, a male sex worker Mecha who is on the run after being framed for murder. Before the pair can be destroyed with acid, the crowd, thinking David is a real boy, since he, unlike other mechas, desperately cries, begins booing and throwing things at the show's emcee. In the chaos, David and Joe escape. Since Joe survived thanks to David, he agrees to help him find Blue Fairy, whom David remembers from The Adventures of Pinocchio, and believes can turn him into a real boy, allowing Monica to love him and take him home.
Joe and David make their way to the decadent resort town of Rogue City, where "Dr. Know", a holographic answer engine, directs them to the top of Rockefeller Center in the flooded ruins of Manhattan. There, David meets a copy of himself and destroys it. He then meets Professor Hobby, his creator, who tells David he was built in the image of the professor's dead son David. The engineers are thrilled by his ability to have a will without being programmed. He reveals they have been monitoring him to see how he progresses and altered Dr. Know to guide him to Manhattan, back to the lab he was created in. David finds more copies of him, as well as female versions called Darlene, that have been made there.
Disheartened, David lets himself fall from a ledge of the building. He is rescued by Joe, flying an amphibicopter he has stolen from the police who were pursuing him. David tells Joe he saw the Blue Fairy underwater, and wants to go down to meet her. Joe is captured by the authorities, who snare him with an electromagnet. Before he is pulled up, he activates the amphibicopter's dive function for David, telling him to remember him for he declares "I am, I was." David and Teddy dive to see the Fairy, which turns out to be a statue at the now-sunken Coney Island. The two become trapped when the Wonder Wheel falls on their vehicle. David repeatedly asks the Fairy to turn him into a real boy. Eventually the ocean freezes and David's power source is depleted.
Two thousand years later, humans are extinct, and Manhattan is buried under glacial ice. The Mecha have evolved into an advanced silicon-based form called Specialists. They find David and Teddy, and discover they are original Mecha who knew living humans, making them special. The Specialists revive David and Teddy. David walks to the frozen Fairy statue, which collapses when he touches it. The Mecha use David's memories to reconstruct the Swinton home. David asks the Specialists if they can make him human, but they cannot. However, he insists they recreate Monica from DNA from the lock of her hair, which Teddy has kept. The Mecha warn David that the clone can live for only a day, and that the process cannot be repeated. David spends a joyous day with Monica and Teddy, at the end of which—before she drifts off to sleep—Monica tells David, "I do love you. I have always loved you." David falls asleep as well.
The film's story was inspired by The Adventures of Pinocchio, which Kubrick once called the " a picaresque robot version of Pinocchio." In the first draft of the script, Gigolo Joe was originally conceived as a G.I. Mecha, but Watson suggested changing him to a male sex worker. Kubrick joked, "I guess we lost the kiddie market."
At the same time, Kubrick, who thought that the computer animation technology was not mature enough, put aside the filming plan of the film and turned to the adaptation of the novel "War Lies." After the release of Jurassic Park, Kubrick announced that Artificial Intelligence will be filmed in 1994. Dennis Murren and Ned Gorman, who participated in the filming of Jurassic Park, acted as director of visual effects.
On March 5, 1999 , Kubrick was died because of heart attack, and this "Artificial Intelligence" became his last wish. Later, under the pleading of Harlan and Kubrick's wife, Steven Spielberg decided to personally serve as the film director .
The film's protagonist, David, is played by Haley Joel Osment ,who is an American actor. After a series of roles in television and film during the 1990s, including a major part in Forrest Gump playing the title character's son (also named Forrest Gump), Osment rose to fame for his performance as a young unwilling medium in M. Night Shyamalan's thriller film The Sixth Sense, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He subsequently appeared in leading roles in several high-profile Hollywood films, including Steven Spielberg's A.I. Artificial Intelligence and Mimi Leder's Pay It Forward.
He made his Broadway debut in 2008 in a short-lived revival of David Mamet's play American Buffalo, starring John Leguizamo and Cedric the Entertainer. Osment is also known for his voice-roles of Sora and Vanitas in the Kingdom Hearts video games, as well as his more recent roles in comedies such as Sex Ed and The Spoils of Babylon.
In 2011 he appeared in Steven Spielberg's A.I. Artificial Intelligence, cementing his stature as one of the leading young actors in Hollywood. This role earned him his second Saturn Award for Best Younger Actor, and another critical acclaim. In reviewing the movie, critic Roger Ebert claimed that: "Osment, who is onscreen in almost every scene, is one of the best actors now working".
4.1 Does Monica consider David as a family member or just a substitute?
I think Monica just saw David as a substitute for her son Martin, which was used to fill the lack of emotion when Martin was sick and frozen. Initially, Henry brought David to his home, and Monica couldn't accept him when she saw David. Then she accepted due to Henry's explanation and persuasion. But when Martin's illness was cured, David felt he was out of favor! When David and Martin fell into the water, everyone was only trying to save Martin, even though David was not afraid of water, but no one cares about David, and David’s feeling was ignored by everyone, including Monica. David is not an ordinary robot, but an artificial intelligence with emotions. Another very important reason is that Monica abandoned David and Teddy. It's hard to imagine who would abandon his family members! Whatever the reason, if Monica really treats David as a family member, this is impossible!
4.2 Is David's love for Monica a true feeling, or just a program written on a chip?
At first, I think this kind of love is a program that is recorded on the chip, because when Henry explained to Monica the existence of David, his love will always written on his hardware, so the machine child can not be resold. But when I saw the second half of the film, I thought my thoughts might be wrong! Robots would never ask for mercy, suicide, and jealousy, unless there is a situation that David produces emotions other than the already recorded feelings! Only if there is a real emotion, will David choose to jump into the sea when he found himself notd special and unique! So I think David really loves Monica because he has always been trying his best to become a real boy.
4.3 How to evaluate super toy - Teddy?
Teddy is also an artificial intelligence, but he is just a toy, a super toy , and does not have David's advanced, even does not have a human form. Let's analyze what Teddy did every time he appeared. Teddy’s first appearance was taken out of a box by Monica, who wanted Teddy to accompany David. The first thing Teddy said after saying hello to David was that he was not a toy! Thus, as artificial intelligence, Teddy has its own ideas. Later, when Martin taught David to cut a lock of Monica's hair to get more love, Teddy was on the floor. When David went to do it, Teddy was also on the floor and picked up her hair. Combined with the words written by David and taught by Teddy, “I AM REALLY OUR SON AND I HAVE TEDDY. HE IS NOT REAL LIKE ...”, we can come to the conclusion that Teddy also wants to get Monica's care and love. In the second half of the film, Teddy followed David with obstinacy, even in the robot slaughterhouse, insisting on finding David! So I do think Teddy is a great partner.
4.4 How to evaluate Gigolo Joe?
I think Joe may have produced his own emotions. In the film, the only robot that is endowed emotions from human is David. Other robots can theoretically only execute pre-programmed instructions to complete their own tasks. But Joe, after a series of things, chose to accompany David to find the blue fairy. And before he was finally taken away, he said: "I am, I was." This sentence is somewhat similar to “I think, therefore I am” said by Descartes. At the end of the film, robots are highly evolved, even though humans are extinct, but robots still exist. So I think, to some extent, Joe's role may reflect the evolution direction of the robots, that is, in addition to the functions and emotions endowed by human beings, it produces independent thinking ability and even has unique values.
4.5 What Is Love ?
At the beginning of the film, the robot is asked, what Is Love? She replied: ”love is first widening my eyes a little bit and quickening my breathing a little ang warming my skin and touching…” Yes, to some extent, this is the perfect answer. But this only explain love from the perspective of the body and the senses, then how to do this from the emotional point of view? Love refers to the feeling that your like reach a deep level. Love is the positive energy projected by the human spirit. It means that people actively or consciously, by themselves or in some way, cherish, care for or satisfy certain human needs that others cannot achieve independently. At the same time, love is an emotion that comes from the heart. The process of this emotion is the process of love .
Monica's love for her son made it impossible for her to accept the fact that her son could never wake up ; her husband's love for her wife made Henry decide to adopt a robot boy to heal the pain of his wife's heart; in order to get his mother's love, David prayed underwater for two thousand years and remained infatuated.
There is a saying that I always agree: "You can choose not to love them, but it doesn’t mean that you can hurt them." People make robots because of lack of resources and food shortages, and use robots to replace some humans to get the job done. When these robots lose their ability to work, it is understandable that people destroy them. But in robot slaughterhouses, people destroy robots in a variety of cruel ways, this is what I can't accept! People here cheered for the broken robots. Although the essence of robots is machines, when they have wisdom and can communicate emotionally, should we, as human beings, give them some respect? I think my Answer Is yes.
At the end of the film, David became the only robot in the world, and human beings who thought they controlled everything were remembered as an extinct species. David became the spokesperson of mankind, and all memories of mankind were opened from David. Humans have created robots. Humans control robots. Humans hurt robots. In the end, they have to use robots to inherit their history and memory. Isn't this a kind of irony?
Back to reality from movies,, what will our future world be like? Will there be so many robots like the movie to replace some of the human’s work? I think this is likely to be the case. At present, many industrial robots and automated mechanical equipment are widely used, and with the continuous investment of artificial intelligence research by companies such as Google, Amazon, Baidu, etc. , the emergence of more intelligent and even emotional household robots seems to be a natural thing. At this point, we should seriously consider the question raised at the beginning of the film: If a robot can really love a person, what responsibility does this person have for the robot? This seems to be an ethical issue. And I think that humans seem to be not ready for their arrival !
The artificial intelligence film raises a serious question: Can humans really accept robots? I think that before people solve this problem, robots should not be given emotions, otherwise it is disrespectful to human society! The many details in the film are worthy of deep thought!